NCD issue means Non-Convertible Debenture public issue. NCD is a Secure and Redeemable Corporate Bond, a bond issued by a corporation to raise money from the capital market. Unlike equity shares, bondholders do not have any ownership interest in the company. They are also known as securities that do not have any equity element attached to it. NCD are tradable instruments. They are listed with major stock exchanges (BSE and NSE) in India.
When one buys a corporate bond, one lends money to the company. In exchange, the company promises to return the money on a specified maturity date along with a stated rate of interest.
Corporate bonds are debt securities. They are considered as a long-term investment option. The maturity period of these securities ranges from 1 year to 20 years.
The NCD issue process is similar to the IPO process. Investors apply for NCD shares through a broker. Based on the subscription, they receive the number of NCD shares. The NCD's are credited to the demat account and the money gets deducted from the trading/bank account.